Hair loss is a concern for some people. Aging and genetics can both cause hair loss. The underlying cause of hair loss affects what treatments will be most effective.
This article contains several tips for preventing hair loss and ways to regrow hair.
Eating extra protein
Eating more protein and following a Mediterranean diet may lower the risk of hair loss.
A 2017 studyTrusted Source found that several participants experiencing hair loss had low protein and amino acid intakes. Researchers need to carry out additional studies to examine whether nutritional deficiencies do relate to hair loss.
Taking multivitamin supplements
Studies dating back several years suggest vitamins help prevent hair loss.
A review in Dermatology and TherapyTrusted Source examined the role of various vitamins and minerals in preventing hair loss. The role of vitamins and minerals in hair loss remains unclear.
However, vitamin deficiencies may be a risk factor for hair loss. Some vitamins and minerals that may help include:
Anyone considering taking a multivitamin supplement should talk to a doctor first. The best products contain all or most of the recommended daily amounts of each vitamin and mineral in a single dose.
Following a Mediterranean diet
A 2017 study in Archives of Dermatological Research found an association between the herbs and vegetables in the Mediterranean diet and a decreased risk of androgenetic alopecia, or pattern baldness, in males.
Trying a scalp massage
A small study in 9 healthy men found that a daily 4-minute Trusted Sourcescalp massage stimulated hair growth.
These findings are promising. But researchers will need to study larger samples to determine whether scalp massages are helpful for hair loss.
Using coconut oil for damaged hair
Applying coconut oil to the scalp could strengthen hair and avoid loss from damage.
Taking hair loss medication
Several topical medications for preventing hair loss are available over the counter (OTC).
According to a 2019 review of studiesTrusted Source, minoxidil is the go-to treatment for androgenetic alopecia in both men and women. Minoxidil is the active ingredient in Rogaine.
The review suggests that doctors sometimes use minoxidil for treating other causes of hair loss, such as from chemotherapy. The authors of the review state that more research into minoxidil could be beneficial.
Finasteride is another medication for hair loss on the scalp.
A study in the Indian Journal of DermatologyTrusted Source found that finasteride was effective for regrowing scalp hair. However, finasteride did not cause hair to regrow in other areas of the body.
Trying low-level light therapy
According to a 2014 studyTrusted Source, low-level laser light therapy (LLLT) can increase hair density. This applies to people with chemotherapy-related or genetic hair loss.
Further research is necessary to determine the proper wavelengths and duration of treatment.
Maintaining good hair and scalp care
Taking proper care of the hair and scalp can help prevent hair loss. It may also improve hair growth. Keeping the scalp and hair clean may also prevent hair damage and loss.
According to a 2015 reviewTrusted Source, certain medicated shampoos and conditioners could prevent hair loss. Avoiding harsh treatments, such as heat, curling, and dyes, may also help.
Using onion juice on the scalp
Onion juice may have a positive effect on hair loss. In a small, older studyTrusted Source, researchers found that applying onion juice to the scalp helped hair regrowth in both men and women with patchy alopecia.
About 80% of participants using onion juice saw improvements after 6 weeks.
Why hair falls out
Hair grows and eventually falls out as part of its normal cycle. It can build up on hair brushes, pillows, or shower drains.
Most people will not notice the natural hair loss that occurs daily. Hair thickness and the hairline usually remain the same.
People are more likely to notice excessive hair loss. This is a good time to take action as it may be due to an underlying condition. Symptoms of excessive hair loss include:
- sudden loss of hair
- losing patches of hair
- noticeable thinning
There are several possible reasons for excessive hair loss.
One of the most common causes is due to genetics. According to a 2019 review, pattern baldness affects up to 50% Trusted Sourceof men and women.
Commercial products could help to slow and treat this type of balding. One example of these products is Rogaine.
Pattern baldness occurs slowly with aging. Some more immediate causes of hair loss include:
Hair loss is a common occurrence, particularly from pattern baldness.
People looking for a treatment to help prevent or regrow hair have several potential options. The effectiveness of each option will vary from person to person.
People should talk to a doctor before starting a new hair loss treatment or taking supplements.